Tips to manage anxiety at work

If you’ve been in the business of managing people for some time, you’re likely to have had a brush with anxiety disorder at some stage. 

Without realising it was present, you may have seen some of the signs. You might have noticed how it kept someone from being more assertive in meetings, how it changed a strong performer to someone struggling with their work, or how it led to a normally calm and composed person having a panic attack in the tea room.

How much do you really know about anxiety? While one in five of us will experience some form of common mental illness in any year, it’s a lesser known fact that anxiety disorder is the most common of these, impacting 14.4% of Australians.1 Sadly, anxiety disorders are some of the most regularly misunderstood, underrated illnesses, despite being the most prevalent.2

When we consider that only 27% seek professional help for an anxiety disorder,3 typically after dealing with the issue for at least 8 years,4 there is good reason to expect that work may be the first place where an episode will surface or where the issue will first be raised. So it’s important to be aware and to be prepared to give adequate support. 

When it’s not just a feeling

We're all familiar with the feeling or temporary state of anxiety. This is a natural and usually short-lived reaction to a stressful situation.

It typically occurs in unfamiliar or challenging situations, where the person may feel uncertain about the outcome or their ability to cope. The first day of a new job, sitting an exam, waiting for health results are all examples in which most people feel some anxiety. Common signs of this temporary discomfort may include difficulty concentrating, restlessness, rapid heartbeat, trembling or shaking, feeling light-headed or faint, numbness or nausea, sweating and avoidance.5-7

An anxiety disorder however, interrupts a person’s daily life and includes anxious thoughts, feelings and physical symptoms which are severe, upsetting and frequent. Such disorders include generalised anxiety disorders, social phobias, specific phobias (for example, agoraphobia and claustrophobia), panic disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) among others.6

Managing anxiety 

While Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) has been found to be the most effective treatment for anxiety disorders, there are some simple things people can do to reduce the negative impact of anxiety:10-16

  • Check your self-talk
    Unhelpful self-talk might include things like, “I’m hopeless”, “I’m going to be terrible at this” or “I have to make it work by doing it this way” and can increase anxiety and can get in the way of us achieving our goals. Work on more helpful, flexible and encouraging self-talk, such as, “I am coping well given what I have on my plate”, “I got through it last time” or “I can try a different approach and it will be just as good”.

  • Keep things in perspective
    When we are worried and upset it is easy to catastrophise situations and to start anticipating all sorts of problems down the track. Take a step back and look at one of your worries in the bigger scheme of your life. Ask yourself:

    • “am I getting ahead of myself, assuming something bad will happen when I really don’t know the outcome?”

    • “is the outcome certain to happen, possible, or quite unlikely?”

    • “if the worst were to happen, what could I do about it?” (sometimes thinking about how you would cope, even if the worst were to happen, puts things into perspective).

  • Don’t let anxiety stop you from doing things
    Try not to avoid situations which trigger your anxiety but work on facing these situations. If this seems too difficult, a psychologist or other mental health professional can work with you to create a plan for facing your fears and increasing your confidence, step-by-step.

  • Practise relaxation, meditation or mindfulness
    Practising relaxation, meditation and mindfulness on a regular basis will allow your body and nervous system the opportunity to routinely settle and readjust to a calm state.

  • Look after your health
    It is important to eat well, get regular exercise, and avoid using alcohol, tobacco and other drugs to cope when you are finding things difficult.

  • Seek support early
    If you or anyone you know needs help, it’s important to talk to someone about your experience early. This can help put things in perspective and reduce the stress of dealing with the impacts on your own. If you wish to seek professional advice contact:

    • your Employee Assistance Program (EAP)

    • your GP

    • Lifeline on 13 11 14

    • Kids Helpline on 1800 551 800

    • MensLine Australia on 1300 789 978

    • Suicide Call Back Service on 1300 659 467

    • Headspace on 1800 650 890.

Spotting the signs in your team

It can be helpful to understand the range of signs and symptoms that may present when someone is experiencing an anxiety disorder. If you’ve noticed any of these as part of a pattern that is uncharacteristic and/or having a negative team impact, it’s your cue to have a supportive conversation with the person about their wellbeing. Making a mental note of what you’ve observed gives you something to refer back to, if need be, in your conversation. 

Signs and symptoms fall broadly into four categories that include:17 

  • thinking – e.g. mind racing or going blank, decreased concentration

  • feeling – e.g. unrealistic or excessive fear and worry

  • behaviour – e.g. avoidance of situations, increased sick leave, obsessive or compulsive behaviour, distress in social situations

  • physical – e.g. pounding heart, chest pain, shortness of breath, dry mouth, dizziness.

Supporting a team member

Your support as a leader can have a positive impact on the person’s mental health.

  • schedule to have regular check-ins with your team members – do not wait for a crisis episode for this to occur

  • when raising your concerns, simply identify the work-related signs and behaviours you’ve noticed, express that you care about their wellbeing and performance, and invite them to talk about it for the purposes of you providing support, e.g. “Just wanted to know if you’re okay and if there is anything I can do to help?”

  • listen and communicate non-judgmentally

  • observe confidentiality but keep in mind the exceptional situations and explain these if applicable (if there is a threat to health and safety, if you are required by law, or when planning for workplace adjustments)

  • give practical support: encourage the person to get appropriate professional help, both within and outside the organisation, and remind them of any applicable leave entitlements or available workplace offerings or adjustments 

  • establish some next steps (e.g. contacting the EAP) and follow up with the person on this.

En Masse offers a number of highly engaging evidence-based workshops targeted at both leaders and employees that cover psychological safety, anxiety in the workplace, having healthy conversations and developing a health-promoting leadership style and culture.

To learn more, call us on 03 9429 8441 or email helena.kuo@enmasse.com.au

 

 

References

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  2. Common Mental Health Issues: Available online (2016) http://www.safety.uwa.edu.au/health-wellbeing/health/psychological/common-mental-health-issues

  3. Harris MG, Hobbs MJ, Burgess PM, et al. Frequency and quality of mental health treatment for affective and anxiety disorders among Australian adults. Med J Aust 2015;202:185-9.

  4. Thompson A, Issakidis C, Hunt C. Delay to seek treatment for anxiety and mood disorders in an Australian clinical sample. Behav Change 2008;25:71-84.

  5. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington DC: Author.

  6. NICE. (2011). Generalised anxiety disorder and panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia) in adults. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.

  7. Hambrick JP, Comer JS, Albano AM. (2010). Cognitive–behavioral treatment of anxiety disorders: Model and current issues. In H. B. Simpson, Y. Neria, R. Lewis-Fernandez & F. Schneier (Eds.), Anxiety disorders: Theory, research, and clinical perspectives (pp. 204-215). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

  8. Andrews G, Creamer M, Crino R, Hunt C, Lampe L, Page A. (2003). The treatment of anxiety disorders: Clinician guides and patient manuals (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

  9. World Health Organization. (2008). ICD-10: International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems (10th Rev.). New York, NY: Author.

  10. Australian Psychological Society (APS). (2010). Evidence-based psychological interventions in the treatment of mental disorders: A literature review (3rd ed.). Melbourne: Author.

  11. Hunot V, Churchill R, Silva de Lima M, Teixeira V. (2007). Psychological therapies for generalised anxiety disorder. Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews, 24(1).

  12. Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists Clinical Practice Guidelines Team for Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia. (2003). Australian and New Zealand clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of panic disorder and agoraphobia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 37(6), 641-656.

  13. Beck JS. (2011). Cognitive behavior therapy: Basics and beyond (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

  14. Vøllestad J, Nielsen MB, Nielsen GH. (2012). Mindfulness- and acceptance-based interventions for anxiety disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51(3), 239-260.

  15. Hofmann SG, Sawyer AT, Witt AA, Oh D. (2010). The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: A meta-analytic review. J Consult Clin Psychol, 78(2), 169-183. 

  16. Kaplan A, Laygo R. (2003). Stress management. In W. O'Donohue, J. E. Fisher & S. C. Hayes (Eds.), Cognitive behavior therapy: Applying empirically supported techniques in your practice (pp. 411-417). New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

  17. Kitchener B, Jorm A, Kelly C. Mental Health First Aid Australia. (2017). Mental health first aid manual: fourth edition. Parkville, Victoria: Mental Health First Aid Australia. 42.